Nôm: Vernacular script of Vietname from 10th-20th centuries
- Nôm, is the "vernacular script." After Vietnamese independence from China in 939 CE, scholars began their creation of nôm, an ideographic script that represents Vietnamese speech. For the next 1000 years -- from the 10th century and into the 20th -- much of Vietnamese literature, philosophy, history, law, medicine, religion, and government policy was written in nôm. Indeed, during the 24 years of the TÃ¢y-SÆ¡n emperors (1788-1802), all administrative documents were written in nôm. In other words, approximately 1000 years of Vietnamese cultural heritage is recorded in this unique system.