A History of Machine Shorthand
- Miles Bartholomew invented the first successful shorthand machine in 1877. Improvements were later made to the machine and patents obtained for it in 1879 and 1884. It was manufactured by Bartholomew's company, the United States Stenograph Corporation of East St. Louis, Illinois, and was used as late as 1937 by official reporters. The ten keys could be depressed one at a time (a letter at a stroke) to create a series of dots and dashes, much like Morse code.